Select Currency
Translate this page

BUSINESS EDUCATION TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS REGARDING THE STRUCTURE OF JSC BUSINESS STUDIES EXAMINATION

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 53  |  510 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

  DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT

BUSINESS EDUCATION TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS REGARDING THE STRUCTURE OF JSC BUSINESS STUDIES EXAMINATION

 

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed at ascertaining Business Education  teacher’s perceptions regarding  the  structure of JSC examination in Enugu State with particular reference to Enugu Urban.The target population of the study comprised all the practicing business education teachers within all the selected secondary schools in  Enugu Urban. The data generated were precisely analysed by the use of statistical frequency tables and percentage.Review of related literature was discussed in chapter two, issues of research procedure and methodology were covered in chapter three while chapter four presented and analysed the data generated for the study, chapter five discussed the findings, drew conclusions and some recommendations made the most weighty finding  of the  study was that business education teachers held opinion that the  structure of JSC examination in Enugu Urban is not to be regarded as  good. One of the major recommendation was that government should make its presence felt by providing motivational incentives in the form of instructional materials such as erecting typing pool, machines, adequate right calibre of teachers that will make it feasible to overhaul the current structure of JSC examination.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Education as defined by the National Policy on Education revised (2004) is a dynamic instrument per excellence for effecting National development and a potent means for ensuring the welfare of the people and the equalization of life chances.  In the same vein a renowned Nigerian Educationalist, Fafunwa (2004) defined Education as “an aggregate of all the processes by means of which a person develops abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour of positive value in the society in which he lives.

Business Education which is an integral part of general Education grew in Nigeria as a Private Business Schools.  The earliest type of business Education was the apprenticeship training of book keepers.  In later part of the 19th century, private business schools i.e. commercial schools as they are popularly called had a virtual monopoly, in training the skilled employee needed by all types of business organizations and government offices.  Indeed, many of the successful business executives of the early 1900s were graduates of private business schools.  When the government took over schools in 1971, most of the business schools were merged with secondary and grammar schools.  There was an emergent shift in emphasis and orientation towards a more functional approach to secondary education that better fulfils the socio-economic needs of the nation1 (Igboke 2008).

With the introduction of the 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria, greater emphasis has been placed on Business Education known as Business studies in the junior secondary and the vocational business subjects such as shorthand, typewriting, Accounting, Office Practice and Commerce, in Senior Secondary Schools. (Igboke, 2008).

The new National Policy on education (6-3-3-4 system) requires a child to spend six years in primary, three years in Junior secondary school, another three years in Senior Secondary School before proceeding for a 4-year university education. At the end of the three years in junior secondary school, the students are examined on a number of subjects including Business studies for the award of Junior Secondary School Certificate.

According to Everiet (2002), Business studies is an inter-disciplinary integrated subject which draws its contents from other five distinct subjects namely:

i.            Office Practice

ii.           Commerce

iii.          Book Keeping

iv.         Type writing, and

v.           Shorthand.

During Junior Secondary school certificate examination, Business studies questions are set from  all the five subjects listed above.  And to ensure that all the subject areas are done, the normal rubrics given the students in the examination, requires them to attempt all the questions in the five subject areas of the paper without any subject options.  This has been the practice in some states like Imo, Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi and Enugu where business studies is offered in J.S.S. Examination. However, it is observed that students do avoid answering questions in typing and shorthand which affect their cumulative result in Business studies JSS Examination.

Osuala (2004) observed that this has contributed to a significant decrease in the production of secretaries and typists at this level to work in our private and public offices as their services are seriously needed in our growing economy.  For instance, to support the case being made for typewriting and shorthand, investigations conducted by the researcher at the JSC Examination marking centres at Enugu, Nsukka, and Abakaliki education zones in 2006, 2007 and 2008, revealed student’s subject choice pattern in the JSS Business studies examination to be in favour of office practice, commerce and book-keeping.

This choice of three subject areas in the examination, draws together all the problems arising from the examination structure might be that government either avoid obligation or does not see the justification to build workshops, provision of fund, instructional materials and equipment, qualified manpower and incentives to both teachers and students since students do not offer typewriting and shorthand.  While Ministry of Education ironically gives certificate to students in Business studies in typewriting and shorthand for passing office practice, commerce, and Book –Keeping even when, in fact, the questions are not enough to cover the subject areas. If this situation is allowed to continue, the future of Business studies in general and typewriting and shorthand in particular, will continue to be bleak unless urgent remedial action is taken to reverse the trend. It is against this backdrop that this study is strongly being pursued.

1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The present structure of JSSC Business studies examination in Enugu state secondary school system manifest some inadequacies. It does not allow all the integrated subject components of Business studies to be evaluated adequately as students always avoid some subjects mostly typewriting and shorthand in the JSC Examinations. In the words of Osuala (2004), almost all the schools usually attempt questions from office practice, commerce, and Book-keeping, leaving typewriting and shorthand which are the pre-vocational subjects.  This is opposed to the objectives of the National Policy on Education with respect to Business Studies. Other problems are that most students lack the foundation knowledge of and are not prepared to pursue shorthand and typewriting at the senior secondary school level including university possibly, because the examination structure is too skeletal and does not cover Business studies syllabus.  For example, typewriting theory is taken without the corresponding practical much the same way shorthand theory is taken without dictation. Above all, because these two areas of business studies are neglected which is mainly encouraged by the structure of JSC examination, construction of typing pool for the teaching of typewriting and shorthand, provision of employment, as well as employment and motivation of Business Education teacher in schools by government hitherto continued to be elusive.

Since the structure of JSC Business studies examination affects the evaluation of the subject, and since typewriting and shorthand are very important field of study, there is need for us therefore to inquire through Business Education teachers to find out why the state government adopted the examination policy in which students tends to concentrate on doing office practice, commerce, and Book-keeping neglecting Typewriting and shorthand with regard to the present structure of JSS Business studies examination in Enugu State. The central focus of the study therefore is to probe Business Education teachers perceptions regarding the structure of JSC Business studies examination in Enugu urban.

1.3    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of the study is

a.      To ascertain how the current structure of JSC examination has help in attaining the objectives of Teaching Business studies at the Junior Secondary school in Enugu urban.

b.      To find out Business Education Teachers  perceptions regarding the structure of JSC Business studies examination in Enugu Urban and whether it contributes to  hugh level of enrollment in the area of  study.

c.      To determine whether the current structure of JSC examination has reduced attention to practical work.

d.      To determine whether the present structure of JSC examination, affects the number of teachers employed in the area of study.

e.      To find out whether Business Education teachers regards the construct structure of JSC examination as good.

1.4       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study is very significant to us in the following ways. The study will help us to improve the structure of JSC Business studies examination and to ensure that Business studies curriculum is well implemented, as well as providing all the necessary resource facilities and motivational incentives by all concerned in the running of Enugu State Secondary School System.

1.5       RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions will be addressed:

1.      How far does the current structure of JSC examination help in attaining the objective of teaching Business studies at the Junior School?

2.      Do business education teachers perceive the present structure of JSC examination as having contributed to the high level of enrollment in this area of study?

3.      Does the current structure of JSC examination reduce attention to practical work.

4.      Do teachers think the present structure of JSC examination affect the number of teachers employed in this area of study?

5.      Do business education teachers regard the construct structure of JSC examination as good?

1.6       RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The following hypothesis guided the study:

Ho:    There will be no significant difference between the result of students who took all the five courses in business studies and students who took only three courses in their JSC Business studies Examination.

H1:    There will be significant difference between the result of students who took all the five courses in business studies and students who took only three courses in their JSC Business studies examination.

1.7       LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study has been confined to a particular geographical location in the state.  The criteria for the choice of location of school to be sampled and the sample size were based on the time at the disposal of the researcher, the ease of accessibility of the school location and financial resources of the researcher at the time of the study. Therefore the study was confined to Enugu Urban.

1.8       SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study will involve investigations of Business education teachers’ perceptions regarding the structure of JSC Business studies examination in Enugu Urban.

1.9       DEFINTION OF TERMS

EDUCATION: Education is a process of teaching, training and learning especially in schools or colleges, to improve and develop skills (Oxford Advanced Learners dictionary, 2000 6th Edition).

BUSINESS EDUCATION: That aspect of the total educational programme that provides the knowledge, skills, understanding and attitudes needed to perform in the Business world as a producer and/or consumer of goods and services that business offers.

NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION: This is a National plan of action put up by the Federal Government to restructure the educational programme of the country for effective implementation.

PERCEPTION: Opinion of people regarding JSC Business Studies Examination.

  DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT

Not What You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 541 351 187


Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Azeez Abiodun
Moshood Abiola polytechnic
I actually googled and saw about iproject master, copied the number and contacted them through WhatsApp to ask for the availability of the material and to my luck they have it. So there was a delay with the project due to the covid19 pandemic. I was really scared before making the payment cause I’ve been scammed twice, they attended so well to me and that made me trust the process and made the payment and provided them with proof, I got my material in less than 10minutes
Very Good
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
JONNAH EHIS
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Joseph M. Yohanna
Thanks a lot, am really grateful and will surely tell my friends about your website.
Excellent

HOW TO GET YOUR COMPLETE PROJECT INSTANTLY

  • Select 3 Project Topics of your choice from your Department.
  • Submit the 3 topics to your Supervisor for Approval.
  • Call Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 and Get Your Complete Project Material Instantly.
  • All project materials on this website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do i choose a Project Topic?

Look for your department and select any topic of your choice

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can i get a complete project from your website?

Within 15 minutes if the exact project topic is on our website

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

One of your topics suites my project, but the case study is different. What do i do?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How do i get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!