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ATTITUDES OF WOMEN TOWARDS UTILIZATION OF MODERN CONTRACEPTIVES

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 72  |  622 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

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ATTITUDES OF WOMEN TOWARDS UTILIZATION OF MODERN CONTRACEPTIVES

 

ABSTRACT

The study intended to assess the attitudes of women towards utilization of  modern contraceptive  in Nigeria. Lagos state was used as a case study. In specific, the study determined the trend of modern contraceptive use for women in the past ten years (from 2004/2005 to 2013/2014); women’s preference to modern  contraceptive methods. A cross-sectional study design adopted. Purposive sampling approaches through snow-ball approach was relevant to obtaining the study sample of 120 respondents in which 60 were users of modern contraceptive and 60 women were non-users of modern contraceptive methods. Structured questionnaire and interview methods were used for data collection. The study used descriptive analysis and binary logistic regression model for quantitative data while content analysis was used for qualitative data collected through interview. The study revealed that the trend of modern contraceptive use for women has improved during the past 10 years. The number of women using modern contraceptive method has almost doubled from 20549 women in 2004/2005 to 48647 women in 2013/2014.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

The rapid growth of world population in recent times has received widespread attention especially in Africa where the highest crude-birth rates are found. The present population of Nigeria is between 90 and 100 million persons or perhaps even larger with the annual growth rate of 3.3 percent (Oni, 2006). If the current population estimate is something to go by, much population analysis already regards Nigeria as being over populated. Based on the contest, the Federal Government recently formulated a policy on the nations population. These include management and control of our human population with guided skills, goals, policies, plans, programmes and projects for the improvement of human quality (Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria 2010).

We cannot dismiss as presumptuous the adverse effects of uncontrolled reproduction on women and such risk factors as childbirth before 18 years or after 35 years of age where as in the rich developed nations of the world, population growth rate has diminished as women and men have chosen to have fewer children, in developing nations like Nigeria, the growth rate remains high as only few couples limit the number of their children. Global and Regional Estimates of the Incidence of Unsafe Abortion and Associated Mortality in (2000) WHO (2004). This is probably because children are seen as the most valuable assets from God as such they are accepted whenever they come.

There is the concern that Natural resources are not unlimited and uncontrolled therefore, population growth may result in crisis, statistics which statistics central statistical Agency: ICF International (2006). Shows that majority of the world’s people are neither adequately fed nor housed. The sad reality is that people that are less able to care for their children are having more children than those who have the means to support them (Shuaib $ ï Oghdoh 2010).

There is a growing concern among individuals and nations alike, to limit their family size and population respectively. (Nelson, Tom $ Timothy,. Soc. Sc. 2011). There is the need for adequate nutrition, housing and better quality of life. Health policy and the strategic framework and plan in 2012 was a major step by the Federal Government to reduced the unacceptable high levels of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality and to ensure the necessary improvement in access to quality reproductive health services at all levels. One of the major steps to achieve the declared objectives of reproductive health policy is to promote access to information on family planning, encourage wider choices of contraceptives methods and to encourage the development of new initiatives that would support availability of commodities and supplies at the service delivery points. All the stakeholders believed that availability of commodities (contraceptives and condoms for (HIV/AIDS) is critical to the success of the reproductive health, population and HIV/AIDS programmes. Therefore, in creating the necessary awareness for family planning, it is equally very vital to ensure a regular supply of the commodities at all levels.

Family Planning emerged as a population control measure. The services were initially provided by independent agencies and private individuals provide the services in Nigeria. There is growing acceptance of the fact that men and women need so that they can protect themselves and make informed decisions regarding their reproductive health Dwger J. C. (2002). Inspite of the advantages of family planning, rumours and misinformation about family planning are widespread. Despite the awareness resistance persists, some people fear that when young people are educated about sexuality, providing them with family planning information will lead to irresponsibility and promiscuity on the other hand. Women of child bearing age are reluctant to seek information or help from their family or professional settings. They therefore do not got the information they need. Olugbenga-Bello, Abodunrin $ Adeomi (2011).

Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria (2001) stated that experience of Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria in 34 states out of the 36 states of Nigeria shows that women are very poorly informed about reproductive health and family planning.

 

For centuries, family planning has been a thing of concern as people tried to find ways to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Attempts to prevent these pregnancies have met oppositions both in the ancient and modern times Ali, Rozi $ Mahmood (2004). However, several researchers had been carried out resulting in the emergence of different methods of family planning to meet the varying needs of individual users.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

In a context where maternal and infant mortality rates are high, poverty is rampant, and malnutrition is common, empowering women with the knowledge and resources to plan their own families is vital. The ability of women to freely determine the timing and number of births may be limited partly due to unmet needs. Willingness to control fertility and ability to access and use contraception must also exist for a change in fertility to occur (Kathryn, 2009). According to the

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