Every institution of higher learning is faced with some problems during the periods of admitting fresh students into school. Some of these problems are: 1. The average member of people needed to fill the spaces available in each department. 2. How to consider other students who are qualified because there is limited structures within the institution to accommodate them. 3. What is to be done to make sure that the fresh students are properly oriented and given a good atmosphere of learning? There are other problems like infrastructural problems, logistics and financial problems that are faced by management during the admissions period.
Even though these problems exists, still admission of fresh students must go on so we want to look at these problems, and how management is able to tackle them either efficiently or inefficiently. Every institutions like the tertiary institution is like a business organization, and so the management has to be business minded to achieve the required result. Because failure to do that may cause the breeding of touts rather than patriotic citizens of the country.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Developing countries in Africa and beyond are laying more emphasis in educating theory citizens, because they have come to know hat education is the power house for the youths, and the youths are the future of every country. Nigeria with a dwindling economy and a population of over 120 million people is among the major crusaders for citizenship education. Taking Nigeria as an example, in the recent years, the numbers of students has increased at a very high rate, as a result of the zeal to acquire western education. As a result of this, the admission are task filled when admission is an in various tertiary institutions of learning. Not only that, the infrastructures in place becomes another considering factor in almost all the tertiary institutions of learning, when ever admission is on. This is because, before the total numbers of students to be offered admission is ascertained, the first thing is to know the number of space available in every department, the lecturers that are also available. After this, the school them determines the number of student to be offered admission for the year. As fare as education continuous to be appreciated and encouraged, then these important factors must always come to the mind of management in institutions of higher learning. Before we go further into this piece, let us look at what admission and infrastructure is all about.
ADMISSION: This is the process involved in admitting a student into the higher institution of learning. The oxford advanced learners dictionary defines admission as the act of accepting somebody into an institution. So from the definition, admission has been explained in detail as the act of accepting the admission process, he or she becomes a benefit student of that institution. It should be noted that were qualification to enter a particular institution does not make the student become a bonafide student of the institution automatically. Except one passes the admission process, you are not yet a student of that institution.
INFRASTRUCTURE: The oxford advanced learners defines infrastructure as that basic systems and services that are necessary for a country or an organization, e.g building transport. It has said it all. It is just the basic amenities room for a decent atmosphere of learning.
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER.
From what has been discussed above, it is clear that we are talking about admissions and infrastructure in institutions of higher learning. Now we are looking at the problems associated with admission and infrastructure in higher institutions of learning. Taking the institute of management and technology (IMT) and Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT) as a case study. The problems of admission and infrastructure cannot be overemphasis, it is clear and visible far everyone to see. It affects every student some of these problems are highlighted below.
1. HUGH POPULATION: from year , the number of students being admitted into various institutions of learning is very high. there is yearly increase in the number of students tacking that JAMB examination. For instance, in the year 2002, there was about little 800,00 candidates who sat for the JAMB examination, while in 2003, there was an increase the almost the I million mark. So taking care of these students is no easy task.
II. AVAILABLE LECTURERS: The students are far rising above, the lecturers in a very great margin, thereby making a lecturer hal a market place so it say. There is lack of concentration among the students when those at the extremes may not be hearing what the lecturers is saying.
III. LIMITED LECTURE HALL FOR STUDENTS: The zeal for western education has made everybody want to go to school, unlike in those days when education is left for the few enlightened ones. So the number of students being admitted into different schools is more than required. But the problem here is that despite the increase in the population of students, only few new structures are erected to accommodate them.
iv. LACK OF STANDARD OFFICES FOR LECTURERS:This is a common problem in higher institutions. The situation where by 2-3 lecturers share a very tiny office, without good ventilation, is a common sight. Lack of shelves in some of these offices also is profitable. So this is an infrastructure as a result of inadequate structures.
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