CRIME CONTROL INFORMATION FLOW IN A RESTRUCTURED NIGERIA NATIONAL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM: ELECTION AND CENSUS FRAUD SOLUTION
An effective national identification system is a necessity in any national government for the proper implementation and execution of its governmental policies and duties. This thesis aims at restructuring Nigeria national identification system so as to make it effective in addressing its political and civil problems, which ranges from manipulated census count figures and electoral fraud to economic fraud and civil problems. These problems are arguably due to Nigeria’s ineffective national identification system. It is proposed in this thesis, a restructured Nigeria national identification system to help address these political and civil problems. The proposed identification system is designed such that it will help to address identification problems in general, reduce elections and census count fraud to a minimum and be useful for the execution of policies in sectors of the economy.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The concept of identification has always been a part of mankind. Verifying the identity of a person, a body or an organization has become so important in today’s world that its absence would only mean a world in chaos. Our world today is a technology and business driven world that can only continue to remain the way it is or get better if identification is given its due place. Identification has become so vast that it embraces every aspect of our lives, be it social or technological. While several nations are considering improving their national identification system by integrating recent identification technology into it, others that do not have a National identification system in place are debating on having one or not.
National identification system has become the subject of public debate. To facilitate various activities of any National government, all citizens and organizations should be uniquely identified. Any governmental activities such as social security services, public administration, Medicare services, tax collection, fair National elections, transparent National census count and much more cannot be effectively facilitated in the absence of a good National identification system.
A successful National identification scheme is greatly dependent on public trust and should be carefully and sensitively implemented with respect to the social and technological maturity of the nation in question.
Technology has become more pervasive and affordable nowadays that most identification system is technology based. There are a lot of ongoing research and design that are geared towards personal identification. All these are supposedly to make identification more effective and secure.
There is no such thing as a totally secure National identification system, nor can there be a system that is completely immune to the risk of taking in multiple or false identities. It is known that biometrics can be spoofed and registration data falsely represented. There can be problems at both human and technological level.
In this thesis, we propose a new National identification structure for Nigeria to help address its identification problems in general, reduce elections and census count fraud to a minimum and be useful for the execution of policies in sectors of the economy.
Having a national identification system in place in any National government is one thing, but having an effective and approximately secure National identification system is another. This thesis work mainly aims at restructuring Nigeria’s National identification system and proposing a data flow pattern in the restructured system to help tackle the problems of electoral fraud and manipulated census count figures.
Nigeria being a country that has over 250 ethnic groups with varying languages and customs is also home to a variety of religions . This diversity tends to be a disadvantage when it comes to issues like fair elections and transparent National census count. The diversity has also led to a chronic problem of ethnic politics which has in turn given birth to militancy. All these being the result of some ethnic or religious groups trying to be the dominant group in terms of numbers and political victors. These problems have in many cases resulted in the loss of lives and properties.
A good identification system that can easily account for the total number of Nigerians at home and its legal immigrants will go a long way in addressing these political problems which has become the source of most of the civil problems in the country. This is because an effective National identification register can easily be used for check and balance whenever it is needed for a fair election, transparent census count and governmental administrations.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The political and civil situations discussed in preceding sections led to the following research question: How should Nigeria National identification system be designed to help fight her recurring problems of electoral fraud, manipulated census count figures, and the lot of her civil problems?
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The main objective of this study is to examine crime control information flow in a restructured Nigeria national identification system: election and census fraud solution. Specific objectives include;
i. To evaluate the impact of crime control information flow on a restructured Nigeria national identification system.
ii. To determine the relationship between crime control information flow and restructured Nigeria national identification system.
1.4 Research Questions
i. What is the impact of crime control information flow on a restructured Nigeria national identification system?
ii. Is there a relationship between crime control information flow and restructured Nigeria national identification system?
1.5 Significance of the Study
This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this study and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their research work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other study.
1.6 Scope of the Study
This study is on crime control information flow in a restructured Nigeria national identification system: election and census fraud solution.
1.7 Limitations of the study
Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 Definition of Terms
Crime: A crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. The term crime does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted definition, though statutory definitions have been provided for certain purposes.
Crime Control: Crime control refers to methods taken to reduce crime in a society. Crime control standardizes police work. Crime prevention is also widely implemented in some countries, through government police and, in many cases, private policing methods such as private security and home defense.
National Identification: This refers to the identity of every citizen of a Nation.
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