Select Currency
Translate this page

AN INVESTIGATION ON PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND ON CHILD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 72  |  1817 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

  DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT

AN INVESTIGATION ON PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND ON CHILD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The level of parental involvement has important implications for children’s academic performance. Social cognitive theory suggests that youth absorb messages about appropriate behavior and socially accepted goals by observing and talking with important people in their lives (Bandura, 1977). Based on this assumption, parents have the potential to model positive attitudes and behaviors toward school, and research in developed countries such as the United States has shown that parental involvement contributes to youth academic success (Fan & Chen, 2001; Houtenville & Conway, 2008; Jeynes, 2003, 2007). In fact, children are more likely to apply themselves and perform better in school when their parents show an interest in their school work, are willing to assist them with homework, and are willing to hold their children accountable for completion of school assignments. Youth who are not working hard at school may begin to perceive school as valuable when parents actively demonstrate that they value school through involvement. Literature on the overall impact of parental involvement on youth academic performance in developing countries is minimal. Whether the relationship exists and which type of parental involvement has effects are important to determine in Nigeria, where parents often do not have the education to engage their children in schoolwork or the resources to hire tutors. Does involvement in parent-teacher association meetings, volunteering at school, talking to their children about the importance of school matter? This study will begin to answer these questions and contribute to the literature on the relationship between parental involvement and academic performance in Nigeria.

Parental involvement in students’ academic performance has attracted many educators and researchers in the field of education in the world. For example, Epstein, Bakker, Davis, Henderson, Lewis and Keith compose a short list of many scholars who have spent their time on parental involvement. For instance, Epstein (2002) had argued that, no school improvement has been created without parental involvement which strengthened parents, teachers, administrators and students’ partnerships which end into benefiting students, improving schools, assisting teachers and strengthening families. Historically, parental involvement emerged as compensation Programme since 1960’s and 1970’s in United State of America (USA) and Europe as among of other programs aiming at encouraging minority low income parents to prepare their 2 children for more successful schools and prevent education delays for children who at risk (Bakker, Denessen & Brus-Laeven 2007). It was just an appeal to support lower school children achievers through parents’ intervention. Consequently, it is an ideal for educationalist to ensure all challenges that are thought to hinder parental involvement are worked through particularly in secondary schools where currently students’ academic performance is declining from time to time. Moreover, the Salamanca Conference on Special Education held in Spain 1994 discussed that, parents should be encouraged to participate in educational activities at home and schools for the purpose of supervising and supporting their children learning. Similarly, the government should promote parental involvement through policy statements that allow formulation of parent–school association with the 3 intention of enhancing their children’s education. The argument draws strong support on how parents are vital in their children schooling in the way of demanding policy (blue print) which will act upon constraints that limit parents in monitoring children education in secondary schools. This would strengthen efforts towards achieving quality education for all (EFA) (UNESCO, 2003).

All measures of parental involvement used in studies in developing countries are based on scales that have been established in the context of developed countries, but parental involvement may be different in developed countries than in developing countries. These differences—including types and level of involvement—must be taken into account when measuring parental involvement in developing countries. Therefore, this paper focuses on the construct validity of parental involvement in a sample of Nigeria students and their parents. Research on parental involvement and academic outcomes in the US suggests that parental involvement is best understood as taking multiple forms. At a minimum, parental involvement appears to differ based on the context (i.e., at home vs. in school) (Giallo, Treyvaud, Matthews, & Kienhuis, 2010; Jeynes, 2003). Research also demonstrates that parental involvement at home and in school is linked positively to a variety of academic outcomes (Jeynes, 2003, 2007). However, research on parental involvement in school is more mixed than research on involvement at home, particularly among different racial and ethnic groups (Fan, 2001; Sui-Chu & Willms, 1996). In addition to influencing educational outcomes directly, parental involvement also might mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and academic performance (Altschul, 2012; Lareau, 2011). While these relationships have been demonstrated in the US and other developed countries, the pathways may be different in developing countries. Therefore, we will use the validated measurement of a parental involvement scale to examine the relationships in Ghana. This study contributes to the literature by testing an adaptation of a parental involvement scale that considers the differences in parental involvement in developed countries versus developing countries. It also investigates the relationship between at-home and in-school parental involvement and academic performance.

Parental involvement is defined in various ways in the literature. Epstein’s (1990, 1995) typology of parental involvement includes six categories: basic parenting, facilitating learning at home, communicating with the school, volunteering at the school, participating in school decision making, and collaborating with the community. Other studies use a typology of parental involvement that is based on either intuitive appeal or factor analysis of existing data (Izzo, Weissberg, Kasprow, & Fendrich, 1999; Sui-Chu & Willms, 1996).

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

All measures of parental involvement used in studies in developing countries are based on scales that have been established in the context of developed countries, but parental involvement may be different in developed countries than in developing countries. These differences—including types and level of involvement—must be taken into account when measuring parental involvement in developing countries. Therefore, this paper focuses on the construct validity of parental involvement in a sample of Nigeria students and their parents.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY

The purpose of this study is to find out the influence parents involvement has on students’ academic performance in Nigeria, the specified objectives are:

1.     To find out if the  parents’ level of education has any influence with students’ academic performance

2.     To discover if  parents’ income influences the students’ academic performance

3.     To find out if communication between the teachers and the parents affect the students’ academic performance

4.     To establish how home environment affects the students’ academic performance

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Base on the specified objectives of this research the following questions will guide the researcher during the course of this research.

1.     Does the parents income affects the child academic performance

2.     Is there any relationship between parents level of education and students’ academic performance

3.     Does communication between parents and teacher has any influence on student’s academic performance

4.     Is there any significance relationship between the home environment of students and his/her academic performance?

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

It is expected that the outcome of this study would expose teacher, parents and government in different levels including schools. The outcome of this research will expose educational planners, policy makers, and the community as a whole to make sure that, there is good parental involvement on their child academics

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research is intended to cover all the secondary school students of the federal republic of Nigeria but due to some constraints the researcher limits his findings to schools in two local government area Kogi state Nigeria. The local government’s area are Ajaokuta and Ankpa LGA.

1.7 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The main constraint that affected this research is limited time to complete the work, and insufficient fund to finance this project.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

INVESTIGATION: the act of conducting research on something or someone; it is a formal style of research.

PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT: Parental involvement refers to the amount of participation parent has when it comes to schooling and her child's life. 

ACADEMIC: anything that relate to education

PERFORMANCE: the result of a students is in his/her academic aim or goal

  DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT

AN INVESTIGATION ON PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND ON CHILD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

Not The Topic You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 55 397 8005


HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT ON AN INVESTIGATION ON PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND ON CHILD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE INSTANTLY

  • Click on the Download Button above.
  • Select any option to get the complete project immediately.
  • Chat with Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 for further assistance.
  • All projects on our website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
Temitayo Ayodele
Obafemi Awolowo University
My friend told me about iprojectmaster website, I doubted her until I saw her download her full project instantly, I tried mine too and got it instantly, right now, am telling everyone in my school about iprojectmaster.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work
Very Good
Oluchi From Michael Opara University
If you are a student and you have not used iprojectmaster materials, you are missing big time! iprojectmaster is the BEST
Excellent
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Musa From Ahmadu Bello University
Thank you iprojectmaster for saving my life, please keep it up and may God continue to bless you people.
Excellent
Ibrahim Muhammad Muhammad
Usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto
It's a site that give researcher student's to gain access work,easier,affordable and understandable. I appreciate the iproject master teams for making my project work fast and available .I will surely,recommend this site to my friends.thanks a lot..!
Excellent
Dau Mohammed Kabiru
Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
This is my first time..Your service is superb. But because I was pressed for time, I became jittery when I did not receive feedbackd. I will do more business with you and I will recommend you to my friends. Thank you.
Very Good
Abubakar Iliyasu Hashim
Federal college of education pankshin affiliated to university of jos
I am highly impressed with your unquantifiable efforts for the leaners, more grace to your elbow.I will inform my colleagues about your website.
Very Good
Uduak From Uniuyo
IProjectMaster is the best project site for students. Their works are unique and free of plagiarism!
Excellent
Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do I get this complete project on AN INVESTIGATION ON PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND ON CHILD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE?

Simply click on the Download button above and follow the procedure stated.

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can I get this complete project on AN INVESTIGATION ON PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND ON CHILD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE?

Within 15 minutes if you want this exact project topic without adjustment

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

What if I want to change the case study for AN INVESTIGATION ON PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND ON CHILD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE, What do i do?

Chat with Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How will I get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!