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ASSESSMENT OF MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS AND ITS INFLUENCE ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
1.1 Background to the Study
The teacher has very important role to play in other to succeed in his/her work but if children are properly motivated then learning become meaningful and successful.
“Motivation” come from Latin word “Mooveers” which means to move. We can then say that in its literal meaning, motivation is the process of arousing or attracting movement in the individuals towards the achievement of some goals. According to the book of (NTI) National teacher institute (2002) Motivation can be define as the process by which the learner’s internal energies are directed his environment.
Vernon (1999) Define motivation as “The hidden urge within us, which compels us to behave in a certain ways such an urge may be purely instinctive that emanates within us.
Ajayi (2002) Says Motivation can be define as the needs desires interest or consideration of reason that arouses a person and direct him towards a specific goal.
According to Princhard and Ashwood (2012) say. Is the process used to allocate energy to maximize the satisfaction or a desired goal.
Emily says motivation is the incentive that is given for inspiration to accomplish something. Motivation can persuade someone to think a certain or a drive that moves them do a certain thing.
Signund (2012) says motivation put forth a mechanical model of human behavior instead of recognizing that human behavior is purpose driving i.e. is driving by a need to discharge.
Wandy (2008) says motivation as reason, incentive, enthusiasm, or interest that causes a specific action or certain behavior.
Motivation is internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interest committed to a job, role or subject or to make an effort to attain a goal.
Motivation provides us the energy to pulse outcomes. It is essentially about commitment to doing something from ourselves.
Research evidence shows that motivational factors in public secondary school will influence students academic performance.
Motivational factors such as the physiological factors, emotion, habit interest and incentives. As a result of this the study of assessment of motivational factors in public secondary schools and its influence on students academic performance worth pursing. It is hoped that the result of the study will provide evidence motivational factors will influence student academic performance.
1.2 Purpose of the Study
i. The purpose of study therefore is summarized as follows. To find out what extent motivational factors influence the performance of public secondary schools.
ii. To find out the impact of motivational factors in teaching and learning process.
iii. To find out what extent does it makes teaching and learning an easy task to teachers and the learners.
iv. To find out what extent can motivational factors can be advantageous or disadvantageous to teaching and learning process.
1.3 Statement of Problem
In spite of various governmental commitments toward education, it has been observed that the educational system is not achieving its set goals because the system is faced with many regards.
Ajayi (2002) highlighted the problem of high rate of failure academically which is notable in term of poor performance i.e. in public examination and high rate student dropout.
However, in this project work, investigation concerned with motivational factors, how it can influence students academic performance. What impact motivational factors can take in teaching and learning if students are properly motivated would it change the performance of the student from bad to good?
1.4 Research Questions
An attempt is made to find answers to the following research questions.
1. To what extent can motivational factors influence the academic performance of the public secondary schools?
2. To what extent motivational factors have an impact on the academic performance of the public secondary schools?
3. To what extent does motivational factors makes teaching and learning an easy task?
4. To what extent can motivational factors have advantage or disadvantage to teaching and learning?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
i. Motivational factors will not significantly depend on academic performance of the public secondary school.
ii. Motivational factors will not significantly have impact on academic performance of the learners.
iii. Motivational factors will not significantly make teaching and learning and easy task.
iv. Motivational factors will not significantly have advantage or disadvantage to teaching and learning process.
1.6 Significance of the Study
This study will help the curriculum planners to know the important aspect of motivational factors in the teaching and learning in public secondary schools. This study will be of greater importance to both teacher and students also teacher will know that if students are motivated during teaching learning process, they will achieve their objectives and produce good skilled in public secondary schools. The study will help the student to realized that teaching and learning is an easy task.
1.7 Scope/Delimitation of the Study
The study covered some selected Lagos State Senior Secondary schools. In Ojo Local Government Area.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
The limitation of the study could be attributed to two main factors namely;
1. Financial Constraints: The study will be restricted to four (4) Senior Secondary Schools in Ojo Local Government Area.
2. Time Constraints: Time available for the study was limited and so it was fairly difficult to cover more than four (4) schools.
1.9 Definition of Terms
Ø Assessment: It an opinion or a judgment of what has been thought.
Ø Motivations: Is the process of arousing or attracting the interest of the individual to an activity.
Ø Factors: This are thing that influence something e.g. environment.
Ø Academic Performance: The outcome of what has been thought.
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