Select Currency
Translate this page

THE EFFECT OF STUDENT AND TEACHER SIZE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Format: MS WORD  |  Chapter: 1-5  |  Pages: 77  |  654 Users found this project useful  |  Price NGN3,000

  DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT

THE EFFECT OF STUDENT AND TEACHER SIZE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Most of the governments of the world spend most of their budget on resource inputs in the Education sector. They make decisions about providing resources inputs to enhance student achievement and performance. However, not all these decisions are easy to take especially in Nigeria where mismanagement makes the problem more adverse. Resources are scarce, especially in low income countries; policy makers can ill afford errors in the choice of allocations. To reduce the scope for mistakes, the true picture of the determinants of Education outcome is desirable. The Government has introduced Education Sector Reforms (ESR) and National Plan of Action (2001- 2015) for the improvement of quality of Education through improving the states of various recourse inputs like revision of curricula, teacher training and provision of better facilities in the public sector schools. Secondary schools not only occupy a strategic place in the educational system in Nigeria, it is also the link between the primary and the university levels of education. According to Asikhai (2010), education at secondary school level is supposed to be the bedrock and the foundation towards higher knowledge in tertiary institutions. It is an investment as well as an instrument that can be used to achieve a more rapid economic, social, political, technological, scientific and cultural development in a country. It is rather unfortunate that the secondary schools today are not measuring up to standard expected of them. There has been public outcry over the persistently poor performance of secondary school students in public examinations.

In most countries of the world, the pride of institutions of learning depends not just on the quantity but more importantly on the quality of the product at all levels. However, policy makers in some developing countries are to target the quality of education performance as an immediate priority. In particular, cognizance is being taken of the argument that the provision of student and teacher of high quality should be given top priority and that ultimately, the success of any educational system depends largely on the quality of the teacher (Dave, 2008). Most of the governments of the world spend a significant amount of their budget on resource inputs in the education sector. They make decisions about providing resource inputs to enhance student achievement and performance. Moreover, not all these decisions are easy to take, especially in the third world countries where mismanagement makes the problem more adverse. Kemerer (2009) remarked that resources are scarce, especially in low-income countries; policy makers cannot afford errors in the choice of allocations. To reduce the scope for mistakes, the true picture of the determinants of education outcome is desirable. Resource inputs have a vital role in the education process. Student achievement at any point is a cumulative function of the current and the prior resource inputs such as family, peers' effect and institutional resource inputs. However, all these factors are outside the direct control of an educationist. Therefore, an educationist directly deals with and controls the school specific resource inputs. The poor funding of education in most third world countries does not enable the school system to have manageable class sizes, adequate student classroom space and appropriate class utilization rates. In spite of the fact that these factors determine the productivity of teachers and students’ academic performance, governments do not show adequate concern about the deterioration in the standard of education in the countries (Flanders, 2007). Many things affect the quality of education. Such things as teacher educational quality, the pupil intellectual quotient, pupil health condition, quality teaching in the school, location of school, social and environmental factors, curriculum, the type of instruction i.e. teacher-centered (e.g. pupils listen, answer questions, practice, etc.) or pupil-centered, (e.g. Problem solving, creative projects, etc.) as well as students-teacher ratio among other things (Withal, 2009).

Over the years, perennial problem of classroom congestion, poverty level and low classroom utilization rates in Nigeria worsen the situation of education. Education in the country is poorly funded, hence most of the public schools experience classroom congestion, low students-classroom-space and low classroom utilization rates; hence these situations may likely affect students’ academic performance adversely. The large number of students passing through the system in Nigeria is a serious problem, particularly with the state government’s inability to provide adequate furnished equipment’s. For instance, it was recorded that 1,644,110 candidates sat for the 2013 Joint Admission and Matriculation Board Examination and of which only 10 candidates scored 300 marks and above and 127,017 scored less than 159 marks (JAMB, 2013). This implies that the state of education in Nigeria is very poor which demand urgent attention of all the stakeholders in the educational sector so as to avert the anomaly. The National policy on Education prescribed a maximum of 30 students in a class, but in most schools in the country, average class size exceeds 50. The situation has negative impact on the average classroom space per student. Yet, these students need to learn in comfort. In most of the public schools in the country, the classroom utilization rate is perpetually high; this is because most of the schools have exceeded the number of students they can cater for. The few schools that have enough teaching staff, at times have low classroom utilization rates, perhaps because of poor supervision. This situation does not favour academic learning (Dave, 2008). Students’ Academic achievement is one of the leading goals and big challenge for an educational system. According to Cuban (2004), class-size and student-teacher ratio has a great impact on the quality of education and academic success of students. There is no doubt that pupil-teacher ratio and per-student outgoings are some of the important resource inputs for any academic institution. Lesser the ratio of student and teacher in the class better is the probability of improving the quality of education and accomplishing the academic goals of institutions. Quality of education is very crucial for strategic planning of academic goals and tag along with the pace of developed world. However, the problem at stake is whether student-teacher ratio has any implication for the quality of education. Based on the foregoing, this study is aimed at examining the effect of studentteacher ratio on students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Ado-Odo-Ota local government area of Ogun state.

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

As school population increases class sizes also increase, the performances of students become an issue. Class size has become a phenomenon often mentioned in the educational literature as an influence on student’s feelings and achievement, on administration, quality and school budgets. Class size is almost an administrative decision over which teachers have little or no control. Most researchers start from the assumption that size of the class would prove a significant determinant of the degree of success of students. In fact, with the exception of a few, many studies have reported that under ideal situation, class size itself appears to be an important factor. The first issue that calls for immediate clarification is what number of students should constitute a large group and few teachers with small pools of talent; offer limited range of subjects and characteristically finding it hard to justify costly investment on libraries… their pupil’s lack competition and interest with relatively few peers as they get stuck with same teacher for an entire school career. Large class size on the other hand is often impersonal, having broader curricula with teachers being given wider support, while students may suffer discipline problems as teachers cannot get to know their students very easily.

Nevertheless, there are many factors that affect student achievement, but the purpose of this study is to explore and analyze the effects of student-teacher ratio as well as student-teacher interaction dynamics at the secondary school level as a determinant of students’ academic achievement.

1.3   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The main objective of this study is to investigate the effect of students-teacher ratio on students’ academic performance with special reference to secondary schools in Ado-Odo-Ota local government area of Ogun State. Specifically the study intends to:

1.     To find out the percentage rate of student enrolment and numbers of teachers in schools

2.     To identify the relationship between student and teacher size in the class and the academic achievement

3.     To find out whether the size of student influence secondary school students’ performance in Ado-Odo-Ota local government area of Ogun State

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions will guide the researcher during the course of this research to achieve the stated objective:

1.     What is the rate of students enrollment and no of teachers available

2.     Is there any relationship between student and teacher size in the class and the academic achievement of students

3.     Does the size of students in a class influence the academic achievement of students?

1.5   RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Ho: there is no significant relationship between the size of students and teachers available and the academic performance of the students

H1: there is a significant relationship between the size of students and teachers available and the academic performance of the students

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Since the central focus of this study is to assess the effect of students-teacher ratio on students’ academic performance with special reference to Ado-Odo-Ota local government area of Ogun state. It will be of great benefit to teachers, students, government and all other stakeholders in education. It was assumed that grasping the impact of the identified variables on the students’ academic achievement could lead to a deeper insight into how such variables can be explored to improve the academic achievement in schools. However, the findings of the study would be useful to teachers as they work toward providing learning experiences that are motivating to students. The findings would be of immense value to the schools as they aim at giving better and sound education to the students. It is believed that the findings of this study and recommendations would bring to the fore the need for government to invest more on education. More so, this study would be of immense benefit to the future researchers who intend to work in the area of students-teacher ratio and academic performance.

 1.7   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study the effect of student and teacher size on students’ academic performance in secondary schools initially was aimed to cover at least five local government area in Ogun state but due to time and some other unforeseen constraint, samples was taken only from Ado-Odo local government area, Ogun state.

1.8   DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The major constraint that affected this research is limited time and insufficient fund to finance the project, due to this the research is limited to one local government area.

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Effect: a change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.

  DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT

THE EFFECT OF STUDENT AND TEACHER SIZE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Not The Topic You Are Looking For?



For Quick Help Chat with Us Now!

+234 814 010 7220

+233 55 397 8005


HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT ON THE EFFECT OF STUDENT AND TEACHER SIZE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS INSTANTLY

  • Click on the Download Button above.
  • Select any option to get the complete project immediately.
  • Chat with Our Instant Help Desk on +234 814 010 7220 for further assistance.
  • All projects on our website are well researched by professionals with high level of professionalism.

Here's what our amazing customers are saying

Samuel From Ajayi Crowther University
You guys just made life easier for students. Thanks alot iprojectmaster.com
Excellent
Abdulrazak Bello Marsha
Usman Dan fodio University
It was quite a better guide for project and paper presentation purpoting. Many thanks.
Average
Abdul Mateen Iddrisu
UDS
At first I taught is a site full of fraudsters until I saw my project in my Gmail after my payment.. THANK YOU IPROJECTMASTER and May God the almighty bless u guys abundantly
Excellent
MATTHEW NGBEDE
Ahmadu Bello University
I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!
Excellent
Emmanuel Essential
Kogi state University
I actually took the risk,you know first time stuff But i was suprised i received as requested. I love you guys 🌟 🌟 🌟 🌟
Very Good
Abdulrahman Jibrin
Nti Abaji
Nice one work prompt delivery tanx
Very Good
Merry From BSU
I am now a graduate because of iprojectmaster.com, God Bless you guys for me.
Excellent
Stancy M
Abia State University, Uturu
I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much iprojectmaster, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...
Excellent
Gbadamosi Solomon Oluwabunmi
Lasu
Swift delivery within 9 minutes of payment. Thank you project master
Excellent
Abraham Ogbanje
NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA
At first I was afraid.. But I discovered they are legit. I will bring more patronize
Very Good

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do I get this complete project on THE EFFECT OF STUDENT AND TEACHER SIZE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS?

Simply click on the Download button above and follow the procedure stated.

I have a fresh topic that is not on your website. How do I go about it?

How fast can I get this complete project on THE EFFECT OF STUDENT AND TEACHER SIZE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS?

Within 15 minutes if you want this exact project topic without adjustment

Is it a complete research project or just materials?

It is a Complete Research Project i.e Chapters 1-5, Abstract, Table of Contents, Full References, Questionnaires / Secondary Data

What if I want to change the case study for THE EFFECT OF STUDENT AND TEACHER SIZE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS, What do i do?

Chat with Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

How will I get my complete project?

Your Complete Project Material will be sent to your Email Address in Ms Word document format

Can I get my Complete Project through WhatsApp?

Yes! We can send your Complete Research Project to your WhatsApp Number

What if my Project Supervisor made some changes to a topic i picked from your website?

Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

Do you assist students with Assignment and Project Proposal?

Yes! Call Our Instant Help Desk Now: +234 814 010 7220 and you will be responded to immediately

What if i do not have any project topic idea at all?

Smiles! We've Got You Covered. Chat with us on WhatsApp Now to Get Instant Help: +234 814 010 7220

How can i trust this site?

We are well aware of fraudulent activities that have been happening on the internet. It is regrettable, but hopefully declining. However, we wish to reinstate to our esteemed clients that we are genuine and duly registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission as "PRIMEDGE TECHNOLOGY". This site runs on Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), therefore all transactions on this site are HIGHLY secure and safe!